Ian Carmichael

Ian Carmichael

Director - Notre Dame Radiation Laboratory

University of Glasgow, Scotland, B.Sc.Hons (1971) Ph.D. (1974)

Phone: (574) 631-4502
Email: carmichael.1@nd.edu
Office: 321 Radiation Research Building

Theoretical Studies of Reactive Intermediates

Scientific Interests

Quantum Chemistry of Reactive Intermediates

Structure and properties of radicals, radical ions, and excited states in solution and on surfaces.

Magnetic Interactions in Molecular Species

EPR splittings; NMR spin-coupling constants and chemical shifts; nuclear quadrupolar couplings.

Theory of Radiation and Photochemical Transformations

Photophysical processes; dissociative electron attachment; transient absorption spectroscopy.

Radiation Damage in Macromolecular Crystallography

Specific damage mechanisms and mitigation strategies.

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Recent Accomplishments

Dna Rd

Radiation damage in MX

Systematic investigation of radiation damage to a crystal of a DNA 16-mer diffracting to 1.8 Å and held at 100 K, was probed up to an absorbed dose of 45 MGy. The DNA crystal was found to be fairly radiation insensitive to both global and specific damage.

In terms of specific damage, the regions of DNA found to be particularly susceptible were those associated with certain bound calcium ions, sequestered from the crystallization buffer. Damage was particularly evident in electron density maps around the backbone phosphate groups, appearing on the nucleobases only at the highest doses.

Understanding dissociative electron attachment

Despite decades of gas-phase studies on dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to various molecules, as yet there has been no direct detection and characterization of the neutral radical species produced by this process. We use stepwise electron spectroscopy to directly measure and characterize the neutrals produced upon zero-electron-energy DEA to a model molecule, carbon tetrachloride. We observe the direct yield of the trichloromethyl radical and measure the appearance energies of all the other neutral species. Combined with high-level quantum chemical calculations this allows a comprehensive analysis of both the initial DEA event and the subsequent electron-impact ionizations under single-collision conditions. This work paves the way toward a complete experimental characterization of DEA processes, in turn providing a refined understanding of the low-energy electron-induced formation of radical species.

NMR spin couplings in biomolecules

NMR J-couplings measured by selective 13-C labeling of twelve, structurally-diverse,β(1→4) linked disaccharides were analyzed using parametrized equations obtained from density functional theory calculations, coupled with Fredholm theory and circular statistics. Our statistical program, MA’AT, allowed the modeling of the linkage torsional parameters, phi (φ) and psi (ψ),as a single von Mises distribution with mean positions in close accord to those of rotamer populations obtained from 1 μs aqueous molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and crystallographic database statistical analyses. An experimental means to validate the conformational preferences predicted from MD simulations is thus established.

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Selected Publications

Chakraborty, D.; Kharchilava, G.; Carmichael, I.; Ptasińska, S. “Dissociative electron attachment studies of gas-phase acetic acid using a velocity map imaging technique”. J. Phys. B-At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 56 (2024) 245202 link

Lisouskaya, A., O. Schiemann, and I. Carmichael. "Unveiling the mechanism of photodamage to sphingolipid molecules via laser flash photolysis and EPR" Photochem. Photobiol.99 (2023) 1400-11 link 

Lisouskaya A., U. Markad, D.M. Bartels and I. Carmichael. "Reactivity of Zn+aq in high-temperature water radiolysis" Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 24 (2022) 19882  link

Lisovskaya,A., I. Carmichael, and A. Harriman. "Pulse radiolysis investigation of radicals derived from water-soluble cyanine dyes: Implications for super-resolution microscopy" J. Phys. Chem. A 125 (2021) 5779-93 link

Lisovskaya, A., O. Shadyro, O. Schiemann, and I. Carmichael. "OH radical reactions with the hydrophilic component of sphingolipids" Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.  23 (2021) 1639-48. link

de la Mora, E., N. Coquelle, C.S. Bury, M. Rosenthal, J.M. Holton, I. Carmichael, E.F. Garman, M. Burghammer, J.-P. Colletier, and M. Weik. “Radiation damage and dose limits in serial synchrotron crystallography at cryo- and room temperatures” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 11 (2020) 4142-51 link

NMR-related (recent)

Zhang W.H.; R.J. Meredith; X.C. Wang; R.J. Woods; I. Carmichael; A.S. Serianni "Does inter-residue hydrogen bonding in β-(1→4)-linked disaccharides influence linkage conformation in aqueous solution?" J. Phys. Chem. B 128 (2024) 2317-25. link

Meredith R.J.; M.K. Yoon; I. Carmichael; A.S. Serianni " MA'AT analysis: Unbiased multi-state conformational modeling of exocyclic hydroxymethyl group conformation in methyl aldohexopyranosides" J. Phys. Chem. B 128, (2024), 2360–70. link

Meredith R.J.; Y. Zhu; T. Tetrault; J. Lin; M.K. Yoon; W. Zhang; M. McGurn; E. Cook; R. Popp; P. Shit; I. Carmichael; Serianni A.S. “Methyl α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactopyranoside and methyl β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactopyranoside: glycosidic linkage conformation determined by MA’AT analysis.” Magn. Reson. Chem. (2024), 1-12. link


Full List of Publications

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